Cataract & IOL Surgery

Microincision Sutureless Cataract Surgery Modern Microsurgery to Restore and Enhance Vision Sight is our most precious sense enabling us to enjoy the beauty of the world in which we live. Blindness has been recognized as an important public health problem in India, a country that is now home to a billion inhabitants. A nationwide survey, undertaken in 1999-2001, revealed the prevalence of blindness to be 8.5%. Over 60% of blindness has been attributed to cataract alone. For centuries, developing cataract doomed a person to blindness. Today modern microsurgical techniques utilizing state-of-the-art equipment, lenses and surgical material, allow people to enjoy good, clear vision after their cataracts have been removed. We at Sood Eye Care believe that giving up favorite activities and suffering through years of poor vision due to cataract is no longer an inevitable part of the ageing process. Our centre is dedicated to provide the best possible care to patients suffering from cataract & its treatment.

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Microincision Sutureless Cataract Surgery – Modern Microsurgery to Restore and Enhance Vision Sight is our most precious sense enabling us to enjoy the beauty of the world in which we live. Blindness has been recognized as an important public health problem in India, a country that is now home to a billion inhabitants. A nationwide survey, undertaken in 1999-2001, revealed the prevalence of blindness to be 8.5%. Over 60% of blindness has been attributed to cataract alone. For centuries, developing cataract doomed a person to blindness. Today modern microsurgical techniques utilizing state-of-the-art equipment, lenses and surgical material, allow people to enjoy good, clear vision after their cataracts have been removed. We at Sood Eye Care believe that giving up favorite activities and suffering through years of poor vision due to cataract is no longer an inevitable part of the ageing process. Our centre is dedicated to provide the best possible care to patients suffering from cataract & its treatment.

Q1 How the eye works?

Ans. Before understanding cataract, it is important to know how a normal eye works. The eye is like a camera. The lens in a camera allows light to pass through and focuses that light on the film at the back of the camera for a clear picture. The eye works in a similar way. The lens of the eye is normally clear and allows light to pass through. The light is focused on a thin film-like retina, which is situated at the back part of the eye. This is how we see.

Q2 What is a cataract?

Ans. It is a cloudiness of the normally clear lens in the eye. It prevents the lens from focusing light onto the retina and hence causes unclear vision. As the cataract advances, this cloudiness of vision increases over a period of time until the vision is completely impaired.

Q3 Why does a cataract develop?

Ans. Cataract development is part of the normal ageing process. Almost all people above the age of 60 years have cataract of a variable degree, although it can occur at an earlier age also. In some people cataract development is aggravated by an eye injury, presence of diabetes, use of medications or other eye diseases. Rarely cataract may be present in the newborn as a developmental defect.

Q4 What are the symptoms of a developing cataract?

Ans.Because cataracts form in different ways, the symptoms of cataracts are variable. Most people notice that their vision gradually deteriorates objects may begin to look yellow, hazy, blurred or distorted. Some people report double vision, or polyopia (objects appearing multiple). Many people also find that they need more light to see clearly, or that they experience glare or haloes from lights at night. A common problem encountered is increasing nearsightedness. In advanced cases, the cataract may be visible as a whitish-looking pupil.

Phacoemulsification

Phacoemulsification ( Phaco = lens, emulsification) or phaco as it is popularly called is a technique where the lens is broken into small pieces , emulsified and then aspirated.
The ultrasound energy is used to emulsify the cataract.

EYE-DROP ANAESTHESIA FOR PHACO
Anaesthetic eye drops are used prior to the procedure to numb the eye.
Since phaco is a short time painless procedure and there is very little handling of the eye, this no-injection eye drop anaesthesia is enough for a total comfort of the patient. One should also remember that eye drop anaesthesia is safer than injection which can cause complications like drug reaction and peforation of the eye.

BEST TIME FOR PHACO CATARACT SURGERY
Today the life style of every person is such that eyes are used extensively for reading/writing/driving during day and night/ watching television etc. and cataract surgery has become very patient friendly. The recovery is quick and discomfort is minimal. Also as the cataract "matures" , it becomes harder and difficult to emulsify with phacoemulsification.

PRECAUTIONS BEFORE & AFTER PHACO CATARACT SURGERY

It is advisable to maintain proper hygiene and cleanliness. No cosmetics should be used on the eye or face. There are no dietary restrictions required before or after cataract operation. Dietary restrictions for other systemic diseases should be observed. Splashing water in the eye to wash it is not to be done. Face can be washed and head bath can be taken with the eyes closed.

PHACO CATARACT SURGERY IN DIABETICS
Control of blood sugar is essential. Phacoemulsification is the ideal procedure with the implantation of Haperin coated IOL

PHACO CATARACT SURGERY IN OTHER DISEASES
PHACO CATARACT SURGERY IN OTHER DISEASES
Other diseases like Bronchial Asthma, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Dependance on steroids should be discussed and appropriate measures should be taken.

THE COLD PHACO
New phacoemulsification probe produce less heat during ultrasonic vibration thus prteventing heat induced damage to the incision and cornea.

MICRO-INCISION CATARACT SURGERY (MICS)
Ideal for diabatic patients with faster recovery and the least chance of getting infections.

SPECIAL LENSES

Types of IOL Advantages
Monofocal IOL Rectifies vision either for distance or near, would use spectacles for either near or distance or both
MonoFocal Toric Rectifies vision either for distance or near with much more clarity than normal monofocal IOL, correcting the cyllindrical power also.
Multifocal Rectifies vision both for distance and near
Multifocal Toric Rectifies vision both for distance and near, correcting the cyllindrical power also.
Presbyopic IOL Rectifies vision for distance intermediate and near, most suitable for young people and computer savy individuals
Heparin Coated IOL Ideal for diabetic patients

OUR OPERATION THEATRES:

OUR EQUIPMENTS USED FOR COLD PHACOEMULSIFICATION UNDER IMAGE GUIDED SYSTEM:

IOL MASTER

 

A-Scan, Varion

OUR EQUIPMENTS USED FOR PCO (JHILI) REMOVAL:

Yag Lazer